Newfoundland Migration Patterns

Pre-European contact: The Beothuk (Indians) moved to Notre Dame and Bonavista from Newfoundland. The Beothuk Indians are extinct in Newfoundland in 1829.

Pre-European contact: The Mi’mak and Innu Indians move to Newfoundland and Labrador to establish settlements.

1520s–1580s: The Portuguese and Spanish move to Newfoundland and Labrador from Portugal and Spain to establish  fishing grounds.

1583+; 1610: The English move to Newfoundland and Labrador from England to establish fishing grounds and establish  permanent settlements.

1655–1763; 1774+: The French move to Plaisance (Placentia) and Labrador from France and Quebec to establish permanent settlements.

1675+: The Irish move to various locations in Newfoundland from Ireland due to economic factors and to establish permanent settlements.

Early 1800s: 1841-1860s: The Scottish move to the Avalon Peninsula from Scotland and Nova Scotia for commerce and trade opportunities and own land.

1895+: The Chinese move to Carbonear, St. John’s, and Harbour Grace from Guangdong via Western Canada due to economic factors.